J Plant Ecol ›› 2022, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (2): 385-398 .DOI: 10.1093/jpe/rtab104

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of biodiversity, stand factors and functional identity on biomass and productivity during the restoration of subtropical forests in Central China

Wenhao Miao, Shupeng Ma, Zhiwen Guo, Haozhe Sun, Xuemei Wang, Yueming Lyu and Xiangping Wang*,†   

  1. School of Ecology and Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China

    Corresponding author. E-mail: wangxiangping@bjfu.edu.cn
    These authors contributed equally to this work.
  • Received:2021-04-26 Revised:2021-05-29 Accepted:2021-08-28 Online:2021-09-19 Published:2022-04-01


Biodiversity is found to have a significant promotion effect on ecosystem functions in manipulation experiments on grassland communities. However, its relative role compared with stand factors or functional identity is still controversial in natural forests. Here, we examined their relative effects on biomass and productivity during forest restoration. We investigated stand biomass and productivity for 24 plots (600 m2) across restoration stages in the subtropical forests of Mt. Shennongjia, Central China. We measured five key functional traits and calculated functional diversity (functional richness, evenness and dispersion) and community-weighted mean of traits. We used general linear models, variation partitioning methods to test the relative importance of stand factors (density, stand age, maximum height, etc.), functional identity, species and functional diversity on biomass and productivity. Our results illustrated that stand biomass and productivity increased significantly as forest restoration, and that community species richness increased, while functional dispersion decreased significantly. Variation partitioning analyses showed that diversity had no significant pure effects on biomass and productivity. However, diversity may affect biomass and productivity through the joint effect with stand factors and functional identity. Overall, we found that stand factors had the strongest effect on biomass and productivity, while functional identity significantly affects productivity but not biomass, suggesting that modulating stand structure and species identity are effective ways to enhance forest carbon storage and sequestrations potential in forest management.

Key words: BEF (biodiversity and ecosystem function), functional identity, restoration, stand factors, subtropical forest


草地群落上进行的控制实验大都发现生物多样性对生态系统功能有显著促进作用。然而,在天然林中,多样性与林分因子、群落功能特性的相对作用大小仍存在争议。本文在森林恢复梯度上,研究这3类因素对生物量和生产力的相对影响。我们在湖北神农架设置了处于不同恢复阶段的24块(600 m2)亚热 带森林样地,计算了林分生物量和生产力。选择5个关键的植物功能性状,并计算了群落的功能多样性(功能丰富度、功能均匀度和功能离散度)和性状的加权平均值(CWM)。使用一般线性模型(GLMs)、变异分离等方法探究林分因子(密度、林龄、群落最大树高等)、功能特性、物种和功能多样性对生物量和生产力的相对重要性。研究结果表明,随着森林恢复,林分生物量和生产力显著增加,群落物种丰富度显著增加,而功能离散度显著降低。变异分离结果表明,多样性对生物量和生产力的单独效应不显著,但可能通过与林分因子和功能特性的协同效应来影响生物量和生产力。总体而言,我们发现林分因子对亚热带森林生物量和生产力的影响最大,功能特性显著影响生产力,但不影响生物量。这些结果说明,在森林经营中,调整林分结构和群落物种特性是提高森林碳储量和固碳潜力的有效途径。

关键词: BEF(生物多样性和生态系统功能), 功能特性, 恢复阶段, 林分因子, 亚热带森林