J Plant Ecol ›› 2017, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (4): 660-669.doi: 10.1093/jpe/rtw059

• Research Articles • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Differential water use strategies among selected rare and endangered species in West Ordos Desert of China

Jie Chen1, Qing Xu1,*, Deqiang Gao1, Aiyun Song2, Yuguang Hao3 and Yingbin Ma1,3   

  1. 1 Institute of Forest Ecology Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry, No.1 Dongxiaofu, Xiangshan Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100091, China; 2 Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Eco Environmental Science for Yellow River Delta, Binzhou University, No.391 Yellow Five Road, Binzhou 256603, China; 3 Experimental Center of Desert Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Tuanjie Road, Dengkou 015200, China
  • Received:2016-02-14 Accepted:2016-06-02 Online:2016-07-27 Published:2017-07-24
  • Contact: Xu, Qing E-mail:xuqing@caf.ac.cn

Abstract: Aims West Ordos Desert (WOD) in Inner Mongolia of China is characterized by unique geographical and ecological features to avoid the direct invasion of Quaternary Continental Glaciation, so it hosts many endangered relic species such as Tetraena mongolica, Ammopiptanthus mongolicus and Potaninia mongolica from Tertiary. However, how these plants utilize available water sources remains unknown. The objective of this study was to investigate the water utilization strategies of selected rare and endangered plant species in WOD by comparing hydrogen isotope ratios between their xylem water and possible water sources following four rainfall events of varying-intensities.
Methods We measured the hydrogen isotope ratios of xylem water from T. mongolica, A. mongolicus and P. mongolica and an accompanying species Sarcozygium xanthoxylum and potential water sources (including precipitation and soil water in different soil layers from 0 to 150cm) over 9 days following each of four varying-intensity rainfall events during the summer of 2012. And then calculated the percentage utilization of potential water sources by each species after each rainfall events using the linear mixing model. We also made the measurements of soil moisture and root biomass in favor of interpretation of plant water use strategies.
Important findings Tetraena mongolica, A. mongolicus and S. xanthoxylum primarily relied on deep soil water, whereas P. mongolica depended predominantly on rainwater. These rare and endangered desert plants had differential utilizations of available water sources, so some competition for limited water existed among some species. Tetraena mongolica had a competitive relationship in absorption of soil moisture with the same family species S. xanthoxylum, suggesting that T. mongolica and S. xanthoxylum should be restored separately at different areas in the WOD. Overall, this study provides a better understanding of water use strategies of these four plants and scientific evidence for protecting rare and endangered plants, maintaining regional species diversity, and developing effective vegetation restoration plans in the WOD.

Key words: rare species, endangered species, hydrogen stable isotope, water use strategies, West Ordos Desert (WOD), varyingintensity rainfall events

摘要:
Aims West Ordos Desert (WOD) in Inner Mongolia of China is characterized by unique geographical and ecological features to avoid the direct invasion of Quaternary Continental Glaciation, so it hosts many endangered relic species such as Tetraena mongolica, Ammopiptanthus mongolicus and Potaninia mongolica from Tertiary. However, how these plants utilize available water sources remains unknown. The objective of this study was to investigate the water utilization strategies of selected rare and endangered plant species in WOD by comparing hydrogen isotope ratios between their xylem water and possible water sources following four rainfall events of varying-intensities.
Methods We measured the hydrogen isotope ratios of xylem water from T. mongolica, A. mongolicus and P. mongolica and an accompanying species Sarcozygium xanthoxylum and potential water sources (including precipitation and soil water in different soil layers from 0 to 150cm) over 9 days following each of four varying-intensity rainfall events during the summer of 2012. And then calculated the percentage utilization of potential water sources by each species after each rainfall events using the linear mixing model. We also made the measurements of soil moisture and root biomass in favor of interpretation of plant water use strategies.
Important findings Tetraena mongolica, A. mongolicus and S. xanthoxylum primarily relied on deep soil water, whereas P. mongolica depended predominantly on rainwater. These rare and endangered desert plants had differential utilizations of available water sources, so some competition for limited water existed among some species. Tetraena mongolica had a competitive relationship in absorption of soil moisture with the same family species S. xanthoxylum, suggesting that T. mongolica and S. xanthoxylum should be restored separately at different areas in the WOD. Overall, this study provides a better understanding of water use strategies of these four plants and scientific evidence for protecting rare and endangered plants, maintaining regional species diversity, and developing effective vegetation restoration plans in the WOD.

[1] Zhimin Liu, Wenkai Shou, Jianqiang Qian, Jing Wu, Carlos Alberto Busso and Xianzhang Hou. Level of habitat fragmentation determines its non-linear relationships with plant speciesn richness, frequency and density at desertified grasslands in Inner Mongolia, China [J]. J Plant Ecol, 2018, 11(6): 866-876.
[2] Ji Yoon Kim, Gu-Yeon Kim, Yuno Do, Hee-Sun Park, Gea-Jae Joo. Relative importance of hydrological variables in predicting the habitat suitability of Euryale ferox Salisb. [J]. J Plant Ecol, 2018, 11(2): 169-179.
[3] Qinggang Wang, Ruwan Punchi-Manage, Zhijun Lu, Scott B. Franklin, Zhiheng Wang, Yaoqi Li, Xiulian Chi, Dachuan Bao, Yili Guo, Junmeng Lu, Yaozhan Xu, Xiujuan Qiao, Mingxi Jiang. Effects of topography on structuring species assemblages in a subtropical forest [J]. J Plant Ecol, 2017, 10(3): 440-449.
[4] Ximei Zhang, Zhichao Pu, Yuanheng Li, Xingguo Han. Stochastic processes play more important roles in driving the dynamics of rarer species [J]. J Plant Ecol, 2016, 9(3): 328-332.
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